Jamaica has retained its Tier- 2 status in the 2010 US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP). Jamaica’s position at Tier- 2 remains the same as it was when the US released its report in 2009.
Countries, which fall in Tier-2, have governments that do not fully comply with the minimum standards but are making significant efforts to comply.
According to the report, “Jamaica is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically conditions of forced prostitution and forced labor.”
The report made special mention of Jamaica’s garrison phenomenon playing a role in human trafficking.
“Trafficking is purported to occur within Jamaica’s poverty stricken garrison communities, territories ruled by criminal “dons” that are effectively outside of the government’s control. Some Jamaican women and girls have been subjected to forced prostitution in other countries such as Canada, the United States, the UK, The Bahamas, and other Caribbean destinations,” the report said.
The report also stated that some foreign victims have been forced into prostitution and domestic servitude.
The report said that a local non-governmental organisation working with street children reported, “that the forced labor of children in street vending is prevalent. Jamaican children also may be subjected to involuntary domestic servitude.”
It also said “there is widespread belief among the NGO community that many of the 1,859 Jamaican children that have gone missing in 2009 were trafficked.”
The TIP report ranks countries based on their level of compliance on established minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking. There are three tiers. Tier-3 is where a government does not fully comply with minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
Tier- 1 are countries, which fully comply with minimum standards of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act.
[Update via Go-Jamaica]